Nicholas Claude Fabri de Peiresc
He was born on December 1st 1580 in France. In November 1610 he obtained a telescope from his brother in France. He made observations of the satellites of Jupiter from 1610-1612. He observed sunspots and the Orion Nebula.
He built an observatory on the top of his house, and he obtained a telescope from Galileo in 1635. He then observed from many locations including Cairo, Aleppo and elsewhere in Europe.
He showed that the Mediterranean Sea was 600 miles shorter than was accepted at the time.
He died on June 24th 1637